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Thursday, May 3, 2012

nephrotic syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is a nonspecific disorder in which the kidneys are damaged, causing them to leak large amounts of protein[1] (proteinuria at least 3.5 grams per day per 1.73m2 body surface area)[2] from the blood into the urine.
Kidneys affected by nephrotic syndrome have small pores in the podocytes, large enough to permit proteinuria (and subsequently hypoalbuminemia, because some of the protein albumin has gone from the blood to the urine) but not large enough to allow cells through (hence no hematuria). By contrast, innephritic syndromeRBCs pass through the pores, causing hematuria.

Signs and symptoms

It is characterized by proteinuria (>3.5g/day), hypoalbuminemiahyperlipidemia and edema which is generalized & also known as anasarca or dropsy. Common among 2–6 years old boys. The edema begins in the face. Lipiduria (lipids in urine) can also occur, but is not essential for the diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome. Hyponatremia also occurs with a low fractional sodium excretion.
Hyperlipidemia is caused by two factors:
  • Hypoproteinemia stimulates protein synthesis in the liver, resulting in the overproduction of lipoproteins.
  • Lipid catabolism is decreased due to lower levels of lipoprotein lipase, the main enzyme involved in lipoprotein breakdown.[3]
A few other characteristics seen in nephrotic syndrome are:

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info di atas aku copy dr wikipedia
physically fahry stabil 
kalau kaki dia takde line ubat dia masih lg cergas lari sana sini
so layan je la youtube rasa nak beli Ipad ke tablet
camno nie?
makcik dah
sister tegur juge sbb charge laptop 
luckily dpt duduk dpt bilik
agak selesa bilik nie walopon mlm aku tido alas toto
dah boleh buat mcm rumah sendiri je
 dah 2 hari doc pakar mention utk monitor urine + blood sample
mmg confirm +ve protein dlm urine & protein kurang dalam darah
since aku chck in kt sini dh byk kali doc explain kat aku
seb baik amek biology, paham la jugak konsep yg doc cite
protein utk ctrl kandungan air dlm darah
since protein kurang maka kandungan air tue sume lari pegi tissue
that causing the puffiness
remember sylabus OSMOSIS subjek biology form 4??

hari ini fahry akan strt mkn ubat **apo ntah
utk cure failure kidney tue
walaubagaimanapon ubat berkenaan ada side effect
sistem imun akan kurang, mean dia takleh dekat dgn org sakit
then selera makan akan bertambah
ada satu lg aku xingat tp berkenaan dgn dua effect kat atas

after few discussion with en.suami
kami akan cuba jugak perubatan alternatif
selain maintain ubat hospital
MAMA DOAKAN FAHRY CEPAT SEMBUH, PULIH MCM BIASA
TAHUN NIE TAK RAYA PON TAKPE JANJI FAHRY SIHAT
AMIN
kepada yang sempat visit fahry semalam
terima kasih byk atas doa & ingatan
semutmerah n makbed pelawat terawal sbb melawat bukan time melawat
=D





4 comments:

wifenavy said...

get well soon ya fahry!!!.. salam dari 3 1/2 jam pjlnn ke SM..

Suliana said...

sian fahry.. moga cepat sembuh ye..

Nozie Yusof said...

Thnx WN, doa dr jauh pon syukur dh..

Nozie Yusof said...

Thanx sue =D

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